Wiley College711 Wiley Avenue
Marshall, TX 75670
Founded in 1873, Wiley College was named after Bishop Isaac Wiley of the Methodist Episcopal Church North. In 1882, Wiley became the first college west of the Mississippi River certified by the Freedmen's Aid Society. In 1935, Wiley College's debate team, coached by Melvin Tolson, made headlines when it defeated the University of Southern California's national championship team, a feat that inspired the film "The Great Debaters" (2007). One member of the team, James Farmer, Jr., assisted in founding a major civil rights organization, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). In 1962, students from Wiley and Bishop colleges held sit-ins at the Woolworth's and Fry Hodge stores in downtown Marshall.
Watch the following video to learn more about post-emancipation education in Texas' African American communities. This video was produced for inclusion in the African Americans in Texas mobile tour found in our Texas Time Travel Tours mobile app. For more information about the mobile tour and African American cultural heritage in Texas, visit the African American Heritage theme page at the following link: http://texastimetravel.com/travel-themes/main-african-american-heritage