Prior to World War II, when segregation divided Anglo and black residents in Dallas, African American commerce clustered in Deep Ellum. In the 1920s-30s, blues musicians Blind Lemon Jefferson, Bessie Smith and Sam "Lightnin'" Hopkins played in the district's clubs. Today, there are a number of shops, live music venues and sidewalk cafés in this area, where colorful and innovative murals decorate many of the walls.
Watch the following video to learn more about the history of music in Texas' African American communities. This video was produced for inclusion in the African Americans in Texas mobile tour found in our Texas Time Travel Tours mobile app. For more information about the mobile tour and African American cultural heritage in Texas, visit the African American Heritage theme page at the following link: http://texastimetravel.com/travel-themes/main-african-american-heritage