In 1866, the U.S. established six regiments of African Americans, eventually known as Buffalo Soldiers, which served on the western frontier, particularly in the set of actions collectively described as the Indian Wars. The six original military units included the 9th and 10th U.S. Cavalry, and the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st U.S. Infantry. From 1866-1901, several of the Buffalo Soldier regiments garrisoned at Fort Bliss. Erected in 1999, "The Errand of Corporal Ross" is a memorial statue depicting Corp. John Ross, Troop I of the 9th U.S. Cavalry, riding on horseback, rifle in hand, against the Mescalero Apache Indians during the Guadalupe Campaign.
Buffalo Soldier Memorial Fort Bliss