Francis R. Lubbock was born on October 16, 1815 in Beaufort, South Carolina. After his father died, when Lubbock was just 14, he left school and began working as a clerk in a hardware store. He continued his interest in business in New Orleans, then Texas, where he opened a general store in Houston in 1836. He married his first of three wives, Adele Baron of New Orleans, in 1835 and remained with her until her death in 1882.
A lifelong Democrat, Lubbock served as the comptroller of the Republic of Texas, appointed by President Sam Houston, as well as the elected clerk of the Harris County district court. In 1857, he was elected lieutenant governor but lost his reelection in the 1859 race to Sam Houston and Edward Clark. Lubbock was elected governor of Texas in 1861, a race he won by only 124 votes.
As governor during the Civil War, Lubbock was a supporter of Confederate conscription and opposed draft exemptions for able-bodied men as unfairly advantageous to the wealthy (read more on this below).
After his term ended in 1863, he joined the Confederate Army. He served as assistant adjutant general to Maj. Gen. John Bankhead Magruder, then Maj. Gen. John A. Wharton, with whom he helped to raise Texas troops for the Red River War campaigns. In 1878, he was elected Treasurer of the State of Texas. Lubbock died in 1905. Even later, in 1878, he was elected state treasurer of Texas. Lubbock died in 1905. (Source: Texas State Historical Association)