Independence Trail Region

In March 1836, Col. James W. Fannin and several hundred volunteers retreated eastward from Goliad after the Alamo fell. At today’s community of Fannin, they encountered the Mexican army and fought valiantly on an open plain, but eventually surrendered. A handsome monument at the 13-acre Fannin Battleground State Historic Site pays homage to that furious struggle. Complications within the Mexican high command resulted in the nullification of surrender terms, and Fannin and most of his troops were executed.