Hundreds of thousands of cattle passed through here along the Western Cattle Trail. A local railhead was established with the arrival of the railroad in 1880, and the site was named for Texas and Pacific Railway Director Matthew Baird. The Callahan County Pioneer Museum displays early ranching and agricultural artifacts in the county courthouse basement. Surrounding the square is a historic district with more than two dozen antiques malls and stores. Baird also hosts an antiques market each June.