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Visit the Texas Heritage Trail Regions and see where it all happened

Rosenwald Schools

View of high school and historical marker
Sweet Home Vocational and Agricultural High School

EDUCATION IS A HUMAN RIGHT, NOT A PRIVILEGE

In 1917, the Rosenwald Fund, established by Sears, Roebuck and Company CEO Julius Rosenwald, provided matching finances to communities who built public schools for African American students. Rosenwald, himself a highschool dropout, understood the value of education and was inspired by Booker T. Washington’s Tuskegee Institute in Alabama to support a building program.

Rosenwald schools began forming in Texas in 1920 and by 1932, the year the fund ended, Rosenwald’s program had help fund more than 5,000 schools across the South, including 527 of them in Texas. Meant to serve as community centers, the school buildings employed aspects of progressive school design with special attention given to lighting and ventilation and providing a number of rooms for academic instruction, industrial classroom, kitchen, library, and cloakrooms suited for the number of teachers employed.

Map of Theme

= Site  = City  = THC State Historic Site