In 1909 Archer County had outgrown it's original jail, a 16 foot square frame building. Construction on this larger facility was completed in Sept. 1910. The sandstone structure was designed with living quarters for the Sheriff and his family on the ground floor. The 2nd and 3rd floors had cells and a hanging gallows which was never used. The first prisoner held in this jail was arrested for stealing a horse. More than 8000 prisoners were jailed here until the county opened a new facility in 1974. The old jail now houses a museum of old Archer County items.
Archer County Historical Museum